H2SAREA addresses one of the most important challenges today, which is to develop solutions for renewable energies to produce a large amount of hydrogen to be used in different applications. Therefore, the “converted” existing natural gas distribution infrastructure could distribute hydrogen between the production points and final consumers.
In this regard, injecting hydrogen into the natural gas network could significantly contribute to the coupling of the natural gas-electricity sector and consolidate the role of hydrogen as a means of decarbonising the uses of natural gas.
In this vein, the H2SAREA project is going to focus on developing advanced technological solutions for the safe distribution of hydrogen in the natural gas network. More specifically, it is going to concentrate on:
The initiative is part of the BH2C (Basque Hydrogen Corridor) project
Length of the Project: 34 months.
Start Date: March 2021
Phases of the project
The technical activities of the H2SAREA projects have been organised into Phases and Tasks, aimed at achieving the goals and the technological challenges of the project to develop advanced technological solutions for the safe distribution of hydrogen in the H2SAREA network.
The project seeks to develop new products/prototypes: Fasteners, Compressors, H2/CH4 separation system, CERAMAT burners to combust H2-NG mix and 100% H2 fuel in condensation boilers, and sensors for H2 monitoring and its mixes with NG. Furthermore, the project’s structure considers cross-cutting measures involving all the partners, including i) Requirements, specifications, barriers and recommendations, and ii) Materials and research in Loop Research Platform real environment.
The implementation of the project has been structured in 8 phases using this methodology. One phase related to the dissemination of the project and participation in European networks and initiatives (Hydrogen Europe, EERA JP Fuel Cells and Hydrogen, Spanish Hydrogen Association, Basque H2 Technology Working Group), another to the project coordination and management, and a further 6 technical phases:
Requirements, specifications, barriers and recommendations [ABC]. There will be 3 main activities:
Analysing the capacity of the distribution network [NORTEGAS]:
The capacity of the complete network will be analysed in detail within the defined area and in the different contexts: i) Different hydrogen and natural gas blending percentages (up to 20% hydrogen blending) and ii) Studying the network under the hypothesis of 100% operating with hydrogen.
Researching materials for the H2, H2+NG distribution network [NORTEGAS]:
The response of the current materials in the NG network when exposed to H2 and its mixes with NG in gas distribution systems will be studied. In particular, the aim will be to research the phenomena of H2 embrittlement and cracking and hydrogen permeability. Furthermore, this phase will also involve assessing current testing methodology, the selection/design of tests to be conducted, and the selection, procurement and characterisation of materials for the new H2 and its mixes with NG distribution network.
Research and development of components and systems for the H2, H2+NG distribution network [ABC]:
The research and development of the main elements of the new H2, H2+NG network will involve:
Researching in representative environment: Research platform (Hydrogen Loop) [NORTEGAS]:
It will address three main activities: i) Designing and constructing a platform (Hydrogen Loop, H2Loop) to research/assess materials, components and systems, which simulates the future network to distribute hydrogen and its mixes with natural gas, ii) Designing testing protocols to be conducted on the research platform (H2Loop), and iii) Running an experimental campaign in the H2Loop.
Blending pilot project, designing the injection positions and a 100% H2 residential gasification pilot project [NORTEGAS]
Exploitation and dissemination:
The results obtained in the project will be disseminated and exploited. [NORTEGAS, Energy Cluster]
Project Coordination and Management [NORTEGAS]
The outline of the structure of the H2SAREA project, organised in Phases and Tasks, is as follows: